AeroSpring Plantar Fascia Offloading System: References

The first orthotic system to simultaneously address the three major deforming forces on the plantar fascia. These studies verify the deforming forces contributing to plantar fasciopathy and plantar heel pain:

A. Achilles tendon

Cheung, J.T.M., Zhang, M., An, K.N., 2006b. Effect of Achilles tendon loading on plantar fascia tension in the standing foot. Clinical Biomechanics 21 (2), 194–203.

Erdemir A, Hamel AJ, Fauth AR, Piazza SJ, Sharkey NA. Dynamic loading of the plantar aponeurosis in walking. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery American Volume 2004;86A:546–52. [10]

Carlson RE, Fleming LL, Hutton WC. The biomechanical relationship between the tendoachilles, plantar
fascia and metatarsophalangeal joint dorsiflexion angle. Foot and Ankle International 2000;21:18–25[11]

Gefen A. The in vivo elastic properties of the plantar fascia during the contact phase of walking. Foot
and Ankle International 2003;24:238–44.

B. Hindfoot pronation and deformation of the Medial longitudinal arch

Chen, W.P., Tang, F.T., Ju, C.W., 2001. Stress distribution of the foot during mid-stance to push-off in barefoot gait: a 3-D finite element analysis. Clinical Biomechanics 16 (7), 614–620.

Wu, L., 2007. Nonlinear finite element analysis for musculoskeletal biomechanics of medial and lateral plantar longitudinal arch of virtual Chinese human after plantar ligamentous structure failures. Clinical Biomechanics 22 (2), 221–229.

Ferber R, Benson B. Changes in multi-segment foot biomechanics with a heat-mouldable semi-custom foot orthotic device. J Foot Ankle Res. 2011;4:18.

Chang R, Rodrigues PA, Van Emmerik REA, Hamill J. Multi-segment foot kinematics and ground reaction forces during gait of individuals with plantar fasciitis .Journal of Biomechanics 47 (2014) 2571–2577

C. Windlass mechanism

Carlson, R.E., Fleming, L.L., Hutton, W.C., 2000. The biomechanical relationship between the tendoachilles, plantar fascia and metatarso- phalangeal joint dorsiflexion angle. Foot and Ankle International 21 (1), 18–25.

Cheng HY, Lin CL, Wang HW, Chou SW. Finite element analysis of plantar fascia under stretch—The relative contribution of windlass mechanism and Achilles tendon force Journal of Biomechanics 41 (2008) 1937–1944

Lin SC, Chen CPC, Tang SFT, Wong AMK, Hsieh JH, Chen WP. Changes in windlass effect in response to different shoe and insole designs during walking . Gait & Posture 37 (2013) 235–241